Richard J. Fruehan, editor
The Steelmaking and Refining Volume of The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel® emphasizes the important developments that have contributed to improvements in steelmaking quality and productivity in recent decades. The history and development of the various technologies are fully discussed. The technical detail is written at a level that will benefit the expert, but in such a way that someone new to the business can understand the concepts without being overwhelmed. Chapters on EAF steelmaking and ladle and secondary refining have been greatly expanded from the 10th edition. The chapters on BOF and AOD steelmaking were also updated to reflect current understanding.